Abortion is considered one of the safest medical procedures for women. With over 125,000 abortions conducted every day around the world, more than 98% of the patients survive it as long as it is conducted by a licensed abortion doctor inside a safe and clean environment.
However, like any other medical procedure, there are risks involved and complications (however rare) may arise. Possible complications after an abortion surgery include:
Infections can occur as a result of bacteria or even STDs entering the reproductive organs during the procedure. This typically affects the uterine lining, genital tract, reproductive organs or the urinary system. In severe cases, the infection may spread to the bloodstream, causing sepsis. Incomplete abortions can also result in bacterial infections.
Patients who experience a 38C fever 24 hours following an abortion surgery, accompanied by prolonged vaginal bleeding, severe cramps or abdominal pain and abnormal vaginal discharge should seek medical attention immediately. Other warning signs include dizziness, vomiting, nausea and diarrhea experienced after the procedure.
Antibiotics are usually administered at the first sign of infection. In the event of serious infections, surgery may be recommended.
An incomplete abortion refers to an abortion that was only partially successful. Here, the pregnancy has been terminated, but pregnancy-related tissues have not been fully expelled from the body. It is rare and occurs in less than 4% of all abortion surgery cases.
Incomplete abortions are characterized by severe cramping or abdominal pain, and prolonged and heavy bleeding. Untreated, they can lead to serious infections.
Patients who experience these symptoms must seek immediate medical attention from their abortion doctor. The womb needs to be checked via ultrasound to detect and pinpoint the location of remnant tissues. Once the remnant tissues are identified, vacuum aspiration will be conducted to remove them.
While lightly bleeding after an abortion surgery is normal and expected, passing large blood clots and experiencing heavy bleeding is definitely not. Heavy bleeding accompanied with light-headedness or dizziness is a serious sign of blood loss, which requires immediate medical attention.
Heavy bleeding is typically a sign of an underlying condition such as an injury, infection or incomplete abortion.
Going to an inexperienced or unqualified abortion doctor increases the risk of perforations done to the cervix, uterus, bladder and intestines during the procedure.
Injuries caused by an improper abortion service may be treatable via surgery, but it is still best to consult an experienced doctor so that such accidents do not happen.
Effects on Future Pregnancies
Though an abortion is a safe and established procedure, women go through risks each time they have an abortion. These risks include infections, perforation and repair of the uterus (which can lead to scar tissue formation) and injury to the cervix (which can lead to a weakened cervix).
Most of these complications, though rare and treatable, are avoidable by simply seeking the help of a qualified and experienced abortion doctor. With a strong focus on women’s health, family planning and fertility, Dr. Jen Shek Wei has performed numerous safe and successful abortions. To learn more about his services, call 6459-2833.